On February 3,
1922, Vonsiatsky was married in Pennsylvania to the rich American
woman he met in Paris. Shortly after this marriage one Lioubou
Gourevich appeared in New York and filed a claim in the courts
asserting she had been married to Vonsiatsky in Russia. According to
some to the stories which have been told about the White Russian, he
admitted having married the girl in Yalta, Russia, on January 31,
1920, but pointed out he entered into the marriage merely to save
her from impending riots and possible death. She allegedly was the
seventeen-year-old daughter of a wealthy Russian capitalist refugee
who was a Jew but became a Christian before the girl's birth.
According to one source, the girl's father reverted to his Jewish
faith during the Russian Revolution, thereby making his daughter's
marriage in the Russian Church illegal. At any rate Vonsiatsky's
claim that it was a fake marriage was upheld and the girl was
unsuccessful in her efforts in the New York courts. Previous to his
marriage to the American heiress, Vonsiatsky is said to have secured
an annulment of his former marriage. In denying the claim of the
Russian girl, the New York Judge was quoted as saying, "Letters of
plaintiff to defendant and to his present wife apparently constitute
a bar to the prosecution of this action, and are wholly unexplained
in the plaintiff's moving papers." The girl allegedly stated in one
of her letters to Vonsiatsky, "I consider you not as a husband, but
merely as a friend."
became a naturalized citizen on September 30, 1927, in the Superior
Court of Windham County, Putnam, Connecticut. In March, 1930, he was
appointed a First Lieutenant in the Army Reserve and his commission
expired in 1935.
Vonsiatsky first came to the United States he apparently had not
thought of playing a political role in Europe. He was of the
opinion, however, that Communism could not long survive in Russia
and some eight or nine years after his arrival he began to have
hopes of being able to participate in the political life of Russia.
He was a great admirer of General Koutepoff, a White Russian General
active in Paris about 1928 in the fight against Communism, and
donated 5,000 to 10,000 francs to assist him in his cause. After
Koutepoff's kidnapping, however, Vonsiatsky furnished no further aid
to independent groups operating in France.
political organization Vonsiatsky joined in the United States was
known as the Brotherhood of Russian Truth which was founded by three
men about the year 1923. This party had as its goal the overthrow of
the Communist regime in Russia so that the Russian people could set
up a type of government of their own choosing. Members of the party
attempted to accomplish its goal by preparing propaganda to be
distributed among the Russians. The propaganda was usually in
pamphlet form and was smuggled into Russia by workmen who placed the
pamphlets in boats sailing for Russian ports. In some instances,
too, the leaflets were distributed in fish markets in countries
bordering on Russia, the thought being that the storekeepers would
use the leaflets to wrap dried fish so that they would come into the
possession of the purchasers of the fish.
and aims of the Brotherhood of Russian Truth appealed to Vonsiatsky
and about 1927 or 1928, he entered the party and headed the American
branch. There were chapters of the organization in Yugoslavia,
Germany, France, and in fact, practically all over the world. Count
Vonsiatsky was active in the organization until about 1932, when he
realized that a movement was on foot to have the party fall into the
hands of the Communists. After having a fight with one of the
leaders he broke off his relationship with the organization in 1932.
The Brotherhood of Russian Truth did not evolve any particular plan
of action either inside or outside of Russia but merely urged the
Russian people to prepare for the day when they would be able to
overthrow the Communist regime. After leaving the Brotherhood of
Russian Truth in 1932, Vonsiatsky decided to form a political party
of his own to carry out his own ideas and aims in attempting to
overthrow the Soviet government and establish a free government for
the Russian people. He and one Donat Kunle, a former officer of the
White Russian Army who had come to the United States about the same
time as Vonsiatsky, founded the Russian National Revolutionary Labor
and Workers Peasant Party of Fascists, frequently referred to as the
All Russian National Revolutionary Party, for the purpose of
grouping together White Russians all over the world who would be
willing to go to any length to assist the Russian people in
overthrowing the Communist regime and setting up a government of
their own choosing. Vonsiatsky's organization was organized in May,
1933, and had its headquarters, called The Center, at the Vonsiatsky
palatial estate near Thompson, Connecticut.
himself took the title Vogd (Leader) and Kunle was the secretary.
The organization also had an executive committee of fourteen or
fifteen members and the president, assistant president, and general
secretary constituted what was known as the Presidium. Kunle was a
flyer by occupation and before becoming associated with Vonsiatsky
was employed by a large aviation concern. He was killed in an
airplane crash in June, 1941, and his body was returned to Thompson,
Connecticut, where it was given burial by Vonsiatsky.
application for membership in the Vonsiatsky organization was
written in the Russian language and contained in the upper left hand
corner the slogan, "God, Nation and Toil." The membership book was
in questionnaire form and the applicant signed the following
appeal for the inclusion of myself in the number of its members.
Upon entering the Party, I obligate myself to fulfill all orders of
its higher organs and observe the necessary conspiracy."
membership blank contained space for the name, nationality,
citizenship, faith, date and place of birth, educational
qualifications, speciality, extent of family, foreign languages
known thoroughly, and the exact address of the applicant. The
application was decorated with a reproduction of the emblem of the
organization which consisted of a red banner bearing a white
swastika on a blue field, the banner being on a staff topped by the
Russian double eagle.
In a speech
delivered July 4, 1937, to what was described as the Annual Meeting
of Executives of the New England and New York Districts of the
Russian National Revolutionary Fascist Party, Vonsiatsky made the
following statements among others:
the globe is resounding our appeal to organize and to fight the
powers of Stalin. There does not exist any little corner in the
world our 'Fascist' has not been read. It has fallen to my share
to be a leader of the Russian National Revolutionary Movement. It
has fallen to my share to tell the people of Russia about our life
and struggle; to state in black and white the actual
accomplishments of our many years of anti-Communistic work . . . "
Russian National Revolutionary Party is a school of Fascist
education. In our organization the Party workers begin to learn
the duty of active work and struggle . The Party through its
executive office helps to show the Party workers the way of this
struggle . . ."
to all Russian patriots to help actively in preparing for war the
Russian National Revolutionary Party. Enlarge, Comrades, your
activities in propaganda work; try to enlist in our ranks still
more Party workers."
further illustration of Vonsiatsky's activities, consideration
might be given to the January, 1937, issue of "The Fascist," which
contained a picture of a vast assemblage of German soldiers. The
title over the picture was "The Army of the Holy Swastika." The
following quotation from Vonsiatsky appeared under the
existence of Germany and Adolph Hitler, as a fortified base, and
directing center for all anti-Communist movements, the beginning
of a war by the U.S. S. R. with Germany can change with
lightening-like rapidity into the end of International Communism
and the victory of the Russian National Revolution."
June-July, 1940, issue of "The Fascist" contained the following
statement by Vonsiatsky concerning his Party:
Russian National Revolutionary Party, of which I am the leader,
does not support either Germany's or Japan's ambition for hegemony
in Europe or the Far East.
Germans and the Japanese have never made clear their attitude
toward a replacement of the present Stalinist rule by a Russian
aim of our organization is to return Russia to a free people with
a government elected by the people, of the people and for the
intention is to form in Russia a truly DEMOCRATIC government.
is not anti-Semitic.
has no membership dues; it is financed solely by voluntary
contributions from its members and sympathizers. It is not
subsidized by any FOREIGN POWER or foreign individuals.
organization is BANNED in Germany and Japan.
the United States can we enjoy freedom of action and thought
within the laws of the country.
STATE EMPHATICALLY THAT THE ACTIVITIES OF OUR ORGANIZATION ARE
AGAINST THE PRESENT SOVIET GOVERNMENT ALONE AND THAT IN NO WAY
WHATSOEVER DOES IT ACT AGAINST THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED
STATES OR VIOLATE ITS LAWS WHICH WE LOYALLY SUPPORT.
July 4, 1940"
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