In the Summer of 1954, a Soviet
Air Force officer invited a United States Colonel -- whom he knew
through official contacts -- to lunch with him at his quarters in
East Berlin. The Soviet, who knew the American planned to retire
from the Army, indicated that he wanted to have a private
conversation with him. On the designated date, in August, the two
men met by prearrangement in front of the Tomb of the Unknown
Soldier in East Berlin. It was raining slightly. The Colonel entered
the Soviet's car, which was standing on a side street. The two then
drove off to the Soviet's quarters. The United States officer told
the Soviet that he had instructed his driver to return to the spot
in front of the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in an hour and a
quarter. The Soviet replied that would not be long enough, but the
American assured him that his driver would wait.
The house to which the Soviet brought the Colonel was unoccupied.
The two men sat down for lunch. There was a knock at the front door.
A newcomer, dressed in civilian clothes, was introduced to the
Colonel. He acknowledged the introduction by saying, "Hello,
Colonel, how are you?" in American English. This Soviet civilian
stated he had been in New York during the war and inferred that he
had worked at Amtorg. He appeared to be about 38 years of age,
weighed about 175 pounds, and was 5 feet 10 inches in height. Though
the Soviet civilian claimed he would not drink, he accepted a glass
of wine and ended up by drinking the entire bottle.
After eating, the American
indicated that he must leave, but the Soviet officer insisted that
he stay for a cup of coffee. The Soviet officer then left the room
for the coffee and was gone about 30 minutes. During his absence,
the Soviet civilian asked about inconsequential things and then
asked the Colonel if he planned to live in Leavenworth, Kansas*,
upon his return to the United States. The Colonel indicated that he
did. (The Colonel had not mentioned his place of retirement to the
Soviet civilian, though he had previously mentioned it to another
Soviet officer at another meeting.)
The Soviet civilian then asked,
"Colonel, if I come to the States, could I come and see you there?"
The Colonel's reply was, "Why, certainly." The Soviet then remarked
that he was a man with a wife and child and wanted security for
them. He asked the Colonel if he would help him if he (the Soviet)
came to the States. Again the Colonel replied that he would. The
Soviet then made a chart of downtown Manhattan. He marked the
northeast corner of 86th Street and Madison Avenue with a dot. The
Soviet then asked if the Colonel could come to New York, and the
Colonel replied that he might do so in the fall. The Soviet then
indicated that if the Colonel would come to the northeast corner of
86th and Madison, he would meet him there at 4 p.m. on any of the
following alternate dates: October 15, 25; or November 5, 15, or 25;
January 1; February 1; March 1.
* Location of Army Command and
General Staff School
The Soviet then indicated that
though he himself would probably not meet the American in New York,
someone would do so and would make the following statement, "Seems
to me that I have met you at Spechstrasse, Colonel. What is the
number of your house there?" The Soviet continued, "You should
reply: ‘Oh, yes, I have lived there at Spechstrasse 19.'"
The Soviet then asked if the
Colonel could bring some books, pamphlets and maps from the school
in Leavenworth with him. The Colonel replied that since he would be
retired, he would have nothing to do with the Leavenworth school.
The Soviet suggested that he could perhaps get some material anyhow.
The American Colonel stated he "would have to think it over." The
Soviet asked the Colonel if he needed any money, and he replied in
At about this time, the Soviet
officer returned and again excused himself to brew some coffee. The
Colonel then made a copy of the sketch of the Manhattan area which
the Soviet civilian had done, since the Soviet refused to give him
the original sketch. After coffee the Army Colonel announced that he
had to leave since it was getting late. The Soviet asked him if he
could return again in a couple of days, but the Colonel replied he
would be very busy packing and would be unable to make another
appointment. With that, the Colonel left the house and returned to
where his driver was waiting for him.
The American Army officer
immediately reported this meeting to appropriate authorities and
indicated his willingness to cooperate in any way with the proper
intelligence agencies in connection with any future meetings with
Shortly thereafter, the American
Colonel returned to the United States; and the full details of the
approach made to him by the Soviets were made available to the FBI.
On October 15, 1954 -- the first meeting date set by the Soviet
civilian -- FBI Agents took inconspicuous positions near the
intersection of 86th Street and Madison Avenue in New York. At the
same approximate time as the Colonel's appointment, these Agents
observed Soviet officers attached to the Soviet representation at
the United Nations. They obviously were looking it over for the
contemplated rendezvous and seemed to be expecting another party to
The FBI made arrangements to
effect a meeting on the next scheduled date of October 25, 1954.
Plans were made for a Special Agent of the FBI to act as a
substitute for the Army Colonel at the meet. Accordingly, a Bureau
Agent who came closest to resembling the Colonel was selected for
the assignment. (The FBI Agent was 5 feet 11 inches tall, weighed
about 178 pounds and had brown hair with a receding hairline, hazel
eyes, a ruddy complexion, and a rather full face with a round chin.
The Colonel was 5 feet 10 inches tall, weighed about 180 pounds and
had brown hair with a receding hairline, brown eyes, a ruddy
complexion, and a rather full face with a round chin. The Colonel
wore a mustache, and there was 10 years' difference in their ages.)
The Agent was made up by a New York professional make-up artist. The
make-up work was done on the basis of a photograph of the Army
Colonel, as well as a detailed description of him. The make-up
included a false mustache made of crepe hair which was held in place
by spirit gum. (This type mustache is extremely difficult to make
inasmuch as it must be put on hair by hair to appear natural.) The
Agent's hair was also touched up to make it appear to be
considerably graying. After the application of make-up, a strong
resemblance between the Agent and the Colonel could be seen,
particularly in the mustache, mouth, nose, eyebrows, chin, and
shadows under the eyes.
Since the Army Colonel was known
to have worn loose-fitting tweed-type clothing, the Agent taking his
place wore a tweed sport coat which was loose-fitting.
The Agent also had to familiarize
himself to a considerable extent with the background of the Colonel,
his family background, the family's activities and whereabouts, the
Colonel's previous assignment in Germany and any other details which
might be necessary to further convince the Soviets that the Agent
was the actual Colonel. Appropriate identification data was also
furnished the Agent in the event the Soviet might request it.
On October 25, 1954, the Special
Agent posing as the Army Colonel arrived at the intersection at
approximately 4:05 p.m. Two Soviet nationals (identified as members
of the Soviet delegation to the United Nations) were observed in the
area closely scrutinizing the Agent posing as the Colonel; however,
they made no attempt to contact him. Again on November 5, 1954, the
Special Agent was present at the meeting place; however, no Soviets
were seen in the area.
On November 15, at approximately
4:05 p.m., the Special Agent disguised as the Colonel arrived at the
designated intersection by taxicab. He noticed a man standing on the
corner who was obviously watching him. The stranger appeared to be
about 5 feet 10 inches in height; weight about 190; husky build;
about thirty-five to forty years of age. He wore a dark blue
overcoat, blue suit and dark gray hat. For five minutes the stranger
studied the Agent intensely, then walked up to him and mumbled
something. The "Colonel" didn't hear him and queried: "Pardon me?"
The Soviet national then gave the prearranged code phrase: "Seems to
me that I have met you at Spechstrasse. Colonel, what is the number
of your house there?" The Agent replied: "Oh, yes, I have lived
there at Spechstrasse 19."
The Soviet national then
introduced himself as "Schultz" and suggested that they go for a
ride. ("Schultz" was immediately recognized by FBI Agents who had
concealed themselves in the area as Maksim Martynov, attached to the
Soviet delegation of the United Nations.) The substitute Colonel
declined and suggested instead that they take a walk to Central
Park. The Soviet agreed to this proposal.
As they walked along, the
"Colonel" inquired as to whether he could meet the Russian whom he
had been introduced in East Berlin. "Schultz" indicated that he
would not, but that he (Schultz) was a friend of his carrying out
the mission for him. The "Colonel" then showed the Soviet an
identification card, which he examined.
Upon arrival in Central Park, the
two began looking for a park bench on which to sit. Unable to find
one, they crossed the bridle path and walked along the reservoir.
"Schultz" then posed questions concerning Fort Leavenworth, and the
substitute Colonel furnished him innocuous answers and nonclassified
data. The Soviet then indicated that he would need specific
information about the Army post and asked the "Colonel": "Are you
willing to help me?" The "Colonel" replied that it would be a
difficult job to obtain necessary data, but that it might be
The Soviet national then commented
about the "Colonel's" heavy expenses in having to come to New York
to make the "meet." He reached into his overcoat pocket, pulled out
a roll of paper and handed it to the "Colonel." Without looking at
it, the Agent quickly placed the roll in his pocket. It turned out
to be 25 ten-dollar bills.
"Schultz" stated that he would
like to see the "Colonel" again and set the next meeting for January
15, 1955, at 4 p.m. at 86th and Madison Avenue. He added that if he
(Schultz) did not contact him on that date, the Colonel should
appear on the first Saturday of each succeeding month for four
months at another address indicated on a paper he handed to him. The
paper proved to be a cash register receipt from a Fifth Avenue book
"Schultz" noted that if he himself
did not appear, another Soviet would take his place. Accordingly, he
gave the following instructions so that the "Colonel" would be
easily recognized: he was to carry a red and blue pencil, sharpened
at both ends in his left hand and a street guide of Manhattan and
the Bronx in his right coat pocket. The "Colonel" was to enter the
designated book store and browse around in the scientific and
medical section of the store. If another person, other than
"Schultz," would appear, he would greet the "Colonel" with the
words: "Are you interested in theory?" The "Colonel's" reply was to
be: "I am interested in elementary theory." With that, the two men
separated after spending about 35 minutes together.
At about 4:01 p.m. on January 15,
1955, the substitute Colonel drove up in a taxicab to the corner of
86th Street and Madison Avenue. When he alighted from the cab, he
noticed "Schultz" standing on the corner and walked over to him.
"Schultz" gave a smile of recognition, and the two shook hands. The
Soviet then said, "Let's take a walk."
The "Colonel" suggested that they
go to Central Park. The Soviet refused and insisted on walking up
Madison Avenue. The two then agreed to go to a nearby hotel bar,
with "Schultz" indicating that he would buy the "Colonel" a dinner.
As they walked toward the hotel, the "Colonel" told the Soviet that
he had been successful in getting the information he desired and
that some of the data was in the briefcase he (the "Colonel") was
On entering the bar, the
substitute Colonel selected a vacant table located in a corner of
the dimly lit bar. The two sat down and the "Colonel" placed the
briefcase on the seat beside him. They then ordered a drink.
"Schultz" leaned over and cautioned his companion to speak in a low
voice. The "Colonel" then noted that he had everything the Soviet
wanted him to get and asked if "Schultz" had any paper on which to
make notes. When the Soviet replied, "No," the "Colonel" stated:
"You will just have to remember what I have to say to you."
The "Colonel" further noted that
he could also give him some data contained in the briefcase; and as
the "Colonel" talked, the Soviet looked around the bar. Then the
Soviet whispered, "I don't like this place." The Soviet appeared to
be extremely eager to leave the bar and get possession of the
At this point, the substitute
Colonel placed the briefcase on the table in front of him. This was
the signal for Special Agents who were observing the meeting to
approach the two men.
When these "intruders" identified
themselves as FBI Agents, "Schultz" appeared to be visibly shaken.
His face paled considerably, while he protested that he was just
having a drink. Upon request, "Schultz" displayed credentials
identifying him as Maksim Martynov, a member of the Soviet
delegation to the United Nations. As such, he had diplomatic
immunity. FBI Agents then confronted him with the knowledge of his
act of espionage.
Martynov regained his composure
and refused to talk further with the Agents. He snapped his fingers
for the waiter's attention and upon the waiter's arrival handed him
two bills in payment for the drinks. Martynov didn't bother to wait
for his change -- 50 cents -- but immediately picked up his hat and
left the lounge at 4:13 p.m. He was subsequently identified as
proceeding by bus directly to the Soviet United Nations delegation
On February 21, 1955, the
Department of State declared Martynov persona non grata in
connection with his espionage activity, and he departed the United
States on February 26, 1955.
Biographical Data Re: Martynov
Maksim Grigorlevich Martynov was born February 17, 1915, at
Leningradskaya Oblast, USSR. He entered the United States on
November 12, 1951, as a member of the Soviet delegation to the
United Nations. He made several visits to Russia and last re-entered
the United States on November 3, 1954, carrying a Soviet diplomatic
passport. He held the rank of Colonel in the Soviet military