July 15, 1947, Andrew Kayotis, then residing in Detroit, was issued a
passport so that he could visit relatives in Europe. Investigation in
Detroit disclosed that several persons there considered Kayotis to be
in poor physical condition at the time of his departure from the
United States. Letters subsequently received from him indicated that
he was in a Lithuanian hospital. When Kayotis' friends in Michigan
heard no more from him, they assumed that he had passed away.
Nearly 10 years later, "Mark" was to admit that he had used Kayotis'
passport during the fall of 1948 in booking passage aboard an ocean
liner from LeHavre, France, to Canada. On November 14, 1948, he
disembarked from the ship at Quebec -- and quickly dropped out of
"Mark" made another admission -- that he was a Russian citizen, Rudolf
Ivanovich Abel, born July 2, 1902, in the Soviet Union. Although he
refused to discuss his intelligence activities, the photo studio and
hotel room which he occupied were virtual museums of modern espionage
equipment. They contained shortwave radios, cipher pads, cameras and
film for producing microdots, a hollow shaving brush, cuff links, and
numerous other "trick" containers.
a Russian spy, Colonel Abel was tried in Federal court at New York
City during October, 1957. Among the government witnesses to
testify against him was his former trusted espionage assistant,
Lieutenant Colonel Reino Hayhanen.
25, 1957, the jury announced its verdict -- Abel was guilty of all
counts. He appeared before Judge Mortimer W. Byers on November 15,
1957, and was sentenced as follows (the three sentences to be
(Conspiracy to transmit defense information to the Soviet Union),
30 years' imprisonment.
Count Two (Conspiracy to obtain defense information), 10 years'
imprisonment and $2,000 fine.
Count Three (Conspiracy to act in the United States as an agent of
a foreign government without notification to the Secretary of
State), 5 years' imprisonment and $1,000 fine.
appealed his convictions, claiming that rights guaranteed to him
under the Constitution and laws of the United States had been
violated. By a five-to-four decision which was handed down on March
28, 1960, the Supreme Court upheld the conviction of this Russian
spy.An investigation which had started with a newsboy's hollow
nickel ultimately resulted in the smashing of a Soviet spy ring. On
February 10, 1962, Rudolf Invanovich Abel was exchanged for the
American U-2 pilot, Francis Gary Powers, who was a prisoner of the