Rudolph Ivanovich	 Abel			Photo Gallery
The Hollow Nickle Case  (continued)

Other Soviet Agents

Although Hayhanen assisted the FBI in solving the mystery of the hollow nickel, the information he furnished placed other critical challenges before the Agents. "Mikhail," the Soviet with whom Hayhanen maintained contact from the fall of 1952 until early 1954, was yet to be identified. And, when "Mikhail" dropped from the scene in 1954, Hayhanen was turned over to another Russian spy, one known only as "Mark". Hayhanen felt that "Mark" undoubtedly was still actively engaged in espionage within the United States! He also must be identified.

Hayhanen obtained the impression that "Mikhail" was a Soviet diplomatic official -- possibly attached to the Embassy or the United Nations. He described "Mikhail" as probably between 40 and 50 years old; medium build; long, thin nose; dark hair; and about five feet nine inches tall. This description was matched against the descriptions of Soviet representatives who had been in the United States between 1952 and 1954. From the long list of possible suspects, the most logical "candidate" appeared to be Mikhail Nikolaevich Svirin.

Svirin had been in and out of the United States on several occasions between 1939 and 1956. From the latter part of August, 1952, until April, 1954, he had served as the First Secretary to the Soviet United Nations Delegation in New York.

On May 16, 1957, FBI Agents showed a group of photographs to Hayhanen. The moment his eyes fell upon a picture of Mikhail Nikolaevich Svirin, Hayhanen straightened up in his chair and announced, "That's the one. There is absolutely no doubt about it. That's Mikhail.'"

Svirin was beyond reach of American justice. He had returned to the Soviet Union in October, 1956.

The FBI's next task was to identify "Mark," the Soviet agent who had succeeded "Mikhail" as Hayhanen's contact man. Hayhanen did not know where "Mark" was residing or the name which "Mark" was using; however, he was able to furnish many other details concerning him.

According to Hayhanen, "Mark" was a colonel in the KGB and had been engaged in espionage work since approximately 1927. He had come to the United States in 1948 or 1949, entering by illegally crossing the Canadian border.

In keeping with instructions contained in a message he received from Soviet officials, Hayhanen was met by "Mark" at a movie theater in Flushing, Long Island, during the late summer of 1954. As identification symbols, Hayhanen wore a blue and red striped tie and smoked a pipe.

After their "introduction" at this theater, Hayhanen and "Mark" held frequent meetings in Prospect Park, on crowded streets, and in other inconspicuous places in the area of Greater New York. They also made several short trips together to Atlantic City, Philadelphia, Albany, Greenwich, and other communities in the eastern part of the United States.

"Mark" also sent Hayhanen on trips alone. For example, in 1954, "Mark" instructed him to locate an American Army sergeant, one formerly assigned to the United States Embassy in Moscow. At the time he related this information to FBI Agents in May, 1957, Hayhanen could not remember the Army sergeant's name. "I do recall, however, that we used the code name `Quebec' in referring to him and that he was recruited for Soviet intelligence work while in Moscow."

(An intensive investigation was launched to identify and locate "Quebec." It quickly produced results when, in examining a hollow piece of steel from Hayhanen's home, the FBI Laboratory discovered a piece of microfilm less than one-inch square. The microfilm bore a typewritten message which identified "Quebec" as Army sergeant Roy Rhodes and stated the Soviet agents had recruited him in January, 1952. Full information concerning Rhodes' involvement in Russian espionage was disseminated to the Army; and following a court-martial, he was sentenced to serve five years at hard labor.)

Hayhanen described "Mark" as about 50 years old or possibly older; approximately five feet ten inches tall; thin gray hair; and medium build. The unidentified Soviet agent was an accomplished photographer, and Hayhanen recalled that on one occasion in 1955, "Mark" took him to a storage room where he kept photo supplies on the fourth or fifth floor of a building located near Clark and Fulton Streets in Brooklyn.

The search for this storage room led FBI Agents to a building at 252 Fulton Street. Among the tenants was one Emil R. Goldfus, a photographer who had operated a studio on the fifth floor since January, 1954 -- and who also had formerly rented a fifth-floor storage room there.

In April, 1957 (the same month Hayhanen boarded a ship for Europe under instructions to return to Moscow), Goldfus had told a few persons in the Fulton Street building that he was going South on a seven-week vacation. "It's doctor's orders," he explained. "I have a sinus condition."

Goldfus disappeared about April 26, 1957. Less than three weeks later, FBI Agents arrived at 252 Fulton Street in pursuit of the mysterious "Mark." Since Goldfus appeared to answer the description of Hayhanen's espionage superior, surveillance was established near his photo studio.

On May 28, 1957, Agents observed a man resembling "Mark" on a bench in a park directly opposite the entrance to 252 Fulton Street. This man occasionally walked about the park; he appeared to be nervous; and he created the impression that he was looking for someone -- possibly attempting to determine any unusual activity in the neighborhood. At 6:50 p.m., this man departed on foot -- the Agents, certain their presence had not been detected, chose to wait rather than take a chance of trailing the wrong man. "If that's `Mark,' he'll return," they correctly surmised.

While the surveillance continued at 252 Fulton Street, other FBI Agents made daily checks on the "dead drops" which Hayhanen stated he and "Mark" had used. The Agents' long hours of patience were rewarded on the night of June 13, 1957. At 10:00 p.m., they saw the lights go on in Goldfus' studio, and a man was observed moving in the room.

The lights went out at 11:52 p.m., and a man who appeared to generally fit the description of "Mark" stepped into the darkness outside the building. This man was followed down Fulton Street to a nearby subway station. Moments later, FBI Agents saw him take a subway to 28th Street, and they stood by unnoticed as he emerged from the subway and walked to the Hotel Latham on East 28th Street.

On June 15, a photograph of Goldgus which the FBI took with a hidden camera was shown to Hayhanen. "You've found him," the former Soviet Agent exclaimed. "That's `Mark.'"

Goldfus -- registered at the Hotel Latham under the name of Martin Collins -- was kept under surveillance from the night of June 13 until the morning of June 21, 1957. During this period, FBI Agents discreetly tied together the loose ends of the investigation, matters which had to be resolved before this Russian intelligence officer could be taken into custody.

Arrested by the Immigration and Naturalization Service on an alien warrant based upon his illegal entry into the United States and failure to register as an alien, "Mark" displayed a defiant attitude. He refused to cooperate at all.

Following his arrest, "Mark" was found to possess many false papers, including two American birth certificates. The first showed that he was Emil R. Goldfus, born August 2, 1902, in New York City. According to the second one, he was Martin Collins, born June 2, 1897, also in New York. Investigation was to establish that the Emil Goldfus whose birth certificate "Mark" displayed had died in infancy. The certificate in the name of Collins was a forgery.

During his career as a soviet spy, "Mark" also had used many other nabel in addition to the ones cited above. For example, during the fall of 1948, while en route to the United States from the Soviet Union, he had adopted the identity of Andrew Kayotis. The real Andrew Kayotis, believed to have died in a Lithuanian hospital, was born in Lithuania on October 10, 1895. He had arrived in the United States in October, 1916, and became a naturalized American citizen at Grand Rapids, Michigan, on December 30, 1930.

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